Yacht Master Shorebased Syllabus


Dead reckoning and estimated position
Satellite-derived position
Use of waypoints to fix position
Radar fixes
Techniques of visual fixing
Fixes using a mixture of position lines
Relative accuracy of different methods of position fixing
Areas of uncertainty

The magnetic compass:
Allowance for variation
Changes of variation with time and position
Causes of deviation
Swing for deviation (but not correction)
Allowance for deviation
Different types of compass

Causes of tides - Springs and Neaps
Tide tables - sources
Tidal levels and datum
Standard and secondary ports
Tidal anomalies (Solent etc)

Tidal streams:
Sources of tidal information
Tidal stream information in sailing directions and Yachtsman's Almanacs
Allowance for tidal streams in computing a course to steer
Tide rips, overfalls and races
Tidal observation buoys, beacons etc

IALA system buoyage in region A
Limitations of buoys as navigational aids

Ranges - visual, luminous and nominal
Rising and dipping distances
Light lists

Harbour regulations and control signals
Methods of pre-planning
Clearing lines
Use of soundings
Transits and leading lines

GPS and chartplotters:
Principles of operation and limitations of use
Raster and vector charts
Importance of confirmation of position by an independent source and keeping a separate record of position
Importance of paper charts

Echo sounders:
Principles of operation and limitations of use
Echo sounders
Principles of operation and limitations of use

Logs (speed and distance measuring):
Principles of operation and limitations of use

Deck log:
Importance of log as yacht's official document
Layout of log, hourly and occasional entries

Basic terms, the Beaufort scale
Air masses
Cloud types
Weather patterns associated with pressure and frontal systems
Sources of weather forecasts
Ability to interpret a shipping forecast, weatherfax and weather satellite information
Land and sea breezes
Sea fog
Use of a barometer as a forecasting aid

Rule of the Road:
A sound knowledge of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, except annexes 1 & 3

Safety at sea:
Personal safety, use of lifejackets, safety harnesses and lifelines
Fire prevention and fire fighting
Distress signals
Coastguard and boat safety scheme
Preparation for heavy weather
Liferafts and helicopter rescue
Understanding of capabilities of vessel and basic knowledge of stability

Navigation in restricted visibility:
Precautions to be taken in fog
Limitations to safe navigation imposed by fog
Navigation strategy in poor visibility

Passage planning:
Preparation of charts and notebook for route planning and making and use at sea
Customs regulations as they apply to yachts
Routine for navigating in coastal waters
Strategy for course laying
Use of waypoints and routes
Use of weather forecast information for passage planning strategy
Sources of local and national regulations

Marine environment:
Responsibility to minimise pollution and protect the marine environment.